The first signs of farming are dated at about 4000 BCE, starting in the southeast like so many other of our country’s innovations. The remains of this Amhanara culture do not bear signs of a very advanced civilisation. Materially it seems to be on the level with the other civilisations in the neighbourhood, or less. It spread around the coast and had ventured inland in the fertile south and west by the beginning of the 3rd millennium BCE. Settlements were small in general and consisted of round wicker houses, surrounded by wooden palisades.
Very little remains of legendary material from this period, but it is often held that the stories of the legendary hero Genin is from this time, as the technology described seems to be purely neolithic. Interestingly the Ul-Munans also have songs compellingly similar to the Genin stories, except that they name him Genaen. The Phoenicians record a king named Hakurnawara from this period, and linguistic analysis indicates that this may be one and the same person.